This first section gathers
archaeological finds of local provenance.
Though recent, San Marino systematic
archaeological research has brought to light several finds
displayed in the State Museum and, above all, has led to a
better knowledge of the ancient history of the territory,
inhabited since the Stone Age and seat of small Villanovan and
Roman settlements. Moreover, recent excavations have revealed
some close links between ancient history and some elements of
(legend of Founder Saint Marino) .
In 1997, some excavation works in an area
called Poggio Castellano brought to light the remains of a
sub-circular hut dating back to the second half of the 8th
Clay and bronze ex-votos and coins found in the
excavations carried out between 1990 and 1994 testify to the
presence on Mount Titano, in an area called Tanaccia, of an
highly frequented rocky sanctuary with medical and
thaumaturgic functions, from the 5th century B.C. to the 1st
surrounding hills, excavations brought to light numerous Roman
rural settlements, some of which characterised by a
residential sector (site of Domagnano), as well as some areas
for the production of bricks, tiles and pottery (Maiano, Ca’
Rigo); the recent discovery in Roman settlements of
manufactured products in local stone confirms the exploitation
of stone quarries on Mount Titano already at that time.
In some cases, as for the site in Domagnano,
archaeological surveys have demonstrated that these places
have been inhabited, without interruptions, until the period
of the Goths.
The presence of the Goths in San Marino seems
also confirmed by the discovery of the so-called “Treasure of
Domagnano”, made up of numerous pieces of jewellery of
exquisite workmanship dated between the 5th and 6th centuries
and discovered by accident near the village of Domagnano in
the late 19th century. (Room III)
Some documents testify to the existence in San
Marino of a monasterium since the 6th century.
Probably, this was the initial nucleus of the town and its
ancient Basilica, which was demolished and rebuilt in the 19th
century. The architectural elements and a beautiful
renaissance polyptych by Francesco Menzocchi (approx. 1530)
here on display come from the Basilica.
traces are present in San Marino, as evidenced by the
structure of the city and of the villages, the boundary walls,
the towers and the fortifications for the defence of the
territory and of its institutions. During the Middle Ages,
moreover, San Marino started asserting its liberty, already
claimed since the 9th century (with the famous “Placito
Feretrano”) and the Republic’s institutions began to take
Unfortunately, in this Museum only few Medieval
items are displayed, such as some architectural elements of
unknown provenance and some excavation findings, best
represented by the finds of Castellaro di Casole.